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Lounge Taman 89 ~ Hutan Pinus (Pinaceae) :matabelo:

Discussion in 'Flora dan Fauna' started by wiwis6002, Oct 18, 2014.

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  1. wiwis6002 M V U

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    :matabelo:Selamat Datang di Hutan Pinus ( Pinaceae ) :matabelo:





    Pinus





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    [​IMG]






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    Klasifikasi ilmiah


    Kingdom : Plantae
    Division : Pinophyta
    Class : Pinopsida
    Order : Pinales
    Family : Pinaceae
    Genus : Pinus
    L.


    Subgenus Strobus
    Subgenus Ducampopinus
    Subgenus Pinus

    L.

    Pines are conifer trees in the genus Pinus /ˈpiːnuːs/, in the family Pinaceae. They are the only genus in the subfamily Pinoideae. Counting varieties and subspecies, the plant list of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden accepts 175 names of pines as current, together with some thirty or forty unresolved and many more synonyms or misapplied.






    Etymology

    The modern English name pine derives from Latin pinus which some have traced to the Indo-European base *pīt- ‘resin’ (source of English pituitary. In the past (pre-19th century) they were often known as fir, from Old Norse fyrre, by way of Middle English firre. The Old Norse name is still used for pines in some modern north European languages, in Danish fyr, in Norwegian fura/fure/furu, Swedish fura/furu, Dutch vuren, and Föhre in German, but in modern English, fir is now restricted to Fir (Abies) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga). Also the pine needle is often associated with good will among Canadians. Especially around Christmas time.






    Taxonomy, nomenclature and codification

    Pines are gymnosperms. The genus is divided into three subgenera, based on cone, seed and leaf characters:
    • Pinus subg. Pinus, the yellow, or hard pine group, generally with harder wood and two or three needles per fascicle.[4]
    • Pinus subg. Ducampopinus, the foxtail or pinyon group
    • Pinus subg. Strobus, the white, or soft pine group, generally with softer wood and five needles per fascicle






    Distribution

    Most regions of the Northern Hemisphere (see List of pines by region) host some native species of pines. One species (Sumatran pine) crosses the equator in Sumatra to 2°S. In North America, various species occur in regions at latitudes from as far as 66°N to as far south as 12°N.
    Various species have been introduced to temperate and subtropical regions of both hemispheres, where they are grown as timber or cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. A number of such introduced species have become invasive and threaten native ecosystems.






    Description

    Pines are evergreen, coniferous resinous trees (or rarely shrubs) growing 3–80 m tall, with the majority of species reaching 15–45 m tall. The smallest are Siberian dwarf pine and Potosi pinyon, and the tallest is a 268.35-foot (81.79-meter) tall ponderosa pine located in southern Oregon's Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest.
    The bark of most pines is thick and scaly, but some species have thin, flaking bark. The branches are produced in regular "pseudo whorls", actually a very tight spiral but appearing like a ring of branches arising from the same point. Many pines are uninodal, producing just one such whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the year's new shoot, but others are multinodal, producing two or more whorls of branches per year. The spiral growth of branches, needles, and cone scales are arranged in Fibonacci number ratios.The new spring shoots are sometimes called "candles"; they are covered in brown or whitish bud scales and point upward at first, then later turn green and spread outward. These "candles" offer foresters a means to evaluate fertility of the soil and vigour of the trees.
    Pines are long-lived, typically reaching ages of 100–1,000 years, some even more. The longest-lived is the Great Basin bristlecone pine, Pinus longaeva. One individual of this species, dubbed Methuselah, is one of the world's oldest living organisms at around 4,600 years old. This tree can be found in the White Mountains of California. An older tree, unfortunately now cut down, was dated at 4,900 years old. It was discovered in a grove beneath Wheeler Peak and it is now known as Prometheus after the Greek immortal.




     
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  3. wiwis6002 M V U

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    List Donatur Taman





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    Buat yang ingin menjadi donatur taman, monggo PM / VM tees :hmm:
    Aturan Posting di Lounge Taman





    1. Judul berkaitan dengan flora dan fauna + urutan lounge
    2. Pergunakan prefix Lounge
    3. Pertanyaan harus berhubungan dengan dunia flora dan fauna
    4. NEW TS adalah member yg menjawab dengan benar pertanyaan TS yg lama
    5. RESET 1000 post = Thread Baru
    6. RESET Taman dikelipatan 3
    7. Dianjurkan membahas flora dan fauna
    8. Boleh tanya-tanya tentang flora dan fauna secara bebas
    9. Menyapa pengunjung baru
    10. Post minimal : 2 kata yg jelas (bermakna) bukan spasi, titik, garis, simbol gajes, dll
    11. Dilarang Ngejunk --> only emoticon / only image / --> DELETE
    12. Aturan harus dipajang
    13. Dilarang multipost (lebih dari 2 post berurutan)
    14. Jika terdapat banyak artikel yang berhubungan dengan tread akan di BUKA KEMBALI. Daftar Artikel yang terdapat pada tread senantiasa di update oleh TS
    15. Bila gambar beresolusi besar / bandwith killer (BWK) atau lebih dari 600x600 px, wajib diberi spoiler!
    16. Jangan qoute gambar BWK atau bisa qoute gambar BWK dengan menghapus salah satu karakter biar gak tampil gambarnya
    17. Berikan rumput atau darah ke TS seiklasnya sesuai permintaan




     
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  4. wiwis6002 M V U

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    TSABUTASE


    [​IMG]
    * jawaban dikirim via pm padakyu :genit:
    * seperti biasa partisipan dapat seonggok ijo2 :maaf:
    * penjawab yg cepat & tepat akan jadi next TS :hoho:
    * pengumuman dilakukan waktu pej ud mencapai 90an :hehe:

    :toa: sasisusesosasisuseso; daeitrizdaeitriz; daedaevidaedaevi; sunkenshipsunkenship; FairyflyFairyfly; kyuvbreekyuvbree; lushtealushtea; sim1sim1; takataka;

    pemenang tsabutase hutan pinus kk nugroziphonugrozipho;:toa:
    selamat bertugas buat taman selanjutnya :yahoo:
    :xiexie::xiexie::xiexie:

    Daftar Artikel
    1. Pinus merkusii Jungh. et de Vriese wiwis6002wiwis6002;
     
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  5. nugrozipho MODERATOR

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  6. nugrozipho MODERATOR

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    ulat pinus suwerem lho kak :ohno:
     
  7. wiwis6002 M V U

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    :kaget:
    Daun pinus kan bentuknya jarum..
    Kok ada ulatnya???
     
  8. nugrozipho MODERATOR

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    Total Posts 1,000Who Posted?



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    KLIK! lalu Click! lalu nade-nade yoo!!! :gotdrink:
     
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  9. sim1 M V U

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    kok tau sih :matabelo
     
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  10. nugrozipho MODERATOR

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    banyak tayang di tipi tipi :ohno:
    malahan tinggal di batangnya gitu kak :ohno:
     
  11. renma Members

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    ninggalin jejak dulu
     
  12. sim1 M V U

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    nade-nade kok terus :sigh:
     
  13. nugrozipho MODERATOR

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    ya iya dong :onegai:
    kaka senjatana ueki :hi:
     
  14. wiwis6002 M V U

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    Macam ulat sagu gitu ya :apa:




    Waw 26 post, prestasi :cheers:
     
  15. shinigamidika MODERATOR

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    summon ciwi2 yg maniz n cantik duyu :malu:
    vagabondvagabond;
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    rede9095rede9095; hana_auliahana_aulia;



    kookie_buinkookie_buin; wiwis6002wiwis6002; novitanuphinovitanuphi;
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    m31wam31wa;
     
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  16. nugrozipho MODERATOR

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  17. nugrozipho MODERATOR

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    angin sebulan pun terasa panas :sigh:
     
  18. sim1 M V U

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    kayaknya ulat itu gak cuma ada di pohon pinus :iii:
     
  19. nugrozipho MODERATOR

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    entahlah pokoknya disturbing :ohno:
     
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    Kenaaaaaapaaaaa aku selalu terlambat.... :nangis:


    :ngambek:


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  21. Fairyfly MODERATOR

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    aduh dibawa nyasar di hutan pinus gunung salak :keringat:

    nyari wangsit bae ah :lalala:
     
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